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; colloquially referred to as "Cape") is a city in Cape Girardeau and Scott counties in the U. As early as 1765, a bend in the Mississippi River, about 60 miles (97 km) south of the French village of Ste.
It is located approximately 115 miles (185 km) southeast of St. The "Cape" in the city name referred to a rock promontory overlooking the Mississippi River; it was later destroyed by railroad construction.
The town of Cape Girardeau was incorporated in 1808, prior to Missouri statehood. The advent of the steamboat in 1835 and related river trade stimulated the development of Cape Girardeau as the biggest port on the Mississippi River between St. During the Civil War, the city was the site of the Battle of Cape Girardeau on April 26, 1863.
The Union and Confederate armies engaged in a minor four-hour skirmish, each sustaining casualties generally believed to be in the low double-digits. 230 (1946), the Court upheld the federal government's authority under the Condemnation Act of 1888 to seize land owned by a state or locality.
The growth of the town can be documented through Sanborn Maps, over 80 of which are available online.
Census, the city's population was 37,941, making it the 16th-largest city in Missouri, The city is named after Jean Baptiste de Girardot, who established a temporary trading post in the area around 1733.
Winter typically brings a mix of rain, sleet, and snow, with occasional heavy snowfall and icing.
The city has a January daily average of 33.1 °F (0.6 °C) and averages 14 days annually with temperatures staying at or below freezing; the first and last freezes of the season on average fall on October 23 and April 7, respectively.
The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the city, the population was spread out with 19.3% under the age of 18, 20.2% between the ages of 18 and 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.